Terrorism may be described as the violent actions which are done in order to terrorize particular targeted populations and governmental authorities to attain religious, political and economic aims. Nonetheless, experts posit that no definition has been agreed upon which can be used internationally to describe terrorism universally. Oxford, Merriam-Webster, and other dictionaries and encyclopedias offer definite description of the word terrorism but scholars and experts on the studies of terrorism and counter terrorism shudder to ratify those definitions. So, terrorism is still left to evolve. Terrorism, in today’s time, can be defined as the use of unauthorized violence against non combatants in order to achieve desired political outcomes.
Historically, Terrorism is not a new phenomenon. The word terrorism has been used in preceding centuries for describing terrorism activity, but in other words. The experts on studies of terrorism and counter terrorism opine that terrorism is not a new phenomenon. It has lived pari passu human history. The actions that define terrorism, have been committed since time immemorial. The word terrorism appeared recently but the attributes and qualifications to reach its intensity are recurring in human history. The violence had deleterious effects on the human history which includes events like ruthless killings, targeted large masses killings and killings of high profile politicians, militias, organized-crime organizations, separatist violent movements, bloody revolutions and wars, no concept of human rights which led to the infringement of the basic human rights in those days etc.
The international scene regarding terrorism is portrayed just terrorism is predominantly anti western. Is it true? There lie great spectrum and questions to classify and answer. A difference is found in maintenance of opinions of scholars and governmental authorities. It is meant that the governmental authorities frame the propaganda to assert the influence on the individual’s perceptions. The public figures and politicians frame that terrorism is predominantly anti western. The President Bush stated:
“Americans are asking, why do they hate us? They hate what they see right here in this chamber. A democratically elected government. Their leaders are self appointed they hate our freedoms. Our freedom of religion, our freedom speech, our freedom to vote and assemble and disagree with each other.”
This statement in 2001 gave impression that terrorism is predominantly Muslim and anti western. But this is not true. Proof is given here under. Let us consider the facts and statistics of which countries are highly affected by the terrorism. According to the Global Terrorism Index – Most Affected Countries by terrorism are following:
It is evident by the above list that the countries which are most affected by terrorism are Muslim countries and Muslim populations are beheaded by the terrorism. The terrorist groups that live in Islamic countries, beheading Muslim populations on daily basis, ousting them from their homes and infringing very basic human rights are branded Islamic terrorism and terrorists in the west. The idea that west is the target of terrorism is sheer inaccurate.
Are Muslims only Terrorist? Let us look at the facts to answer this question.
Muslims population in the world: 1.6 Billion (Pew Research Center, 2014).
The adherents of the Terrorist organization Al Qaida that collapsed the World trade center, were created by the United States of America (Evidence: Reagan Doctrine and USA indulgance in Afghanistan in 1979) to fight and collapse USSR, are only handful self-proclaimed Muslims. Is it accurate to call Muslims terrorists for the sake of handful Muslim terrorist organizations? Non-Muslims make up the majority of terrorists in the United States: According to the FBI, 94% of terrorist attacks carried out in the United States from 1980 to 2005 have been by non-Muslims. This means that an American terrorist suspect is over nine times more likely to be a non-Muslim than a Muslim.
All 51 Islamic countries central councils have issued fatwas that person who kills innocents is not a Muslim. The fatwas claim that terrorist, if Muslims previously, are discarded of Islam once they vow to shed innocent blood. The religion, to which terrorist organization pledge, discards them; how entire world is ready to blame the very religious group to be the terrorist?
In the world, there are many other terrorist organizations other than those self-proclaimed Muslims. The example of KKK (Ku Klux Klan) in the United States of America is the most prominent. KKK emerged right after Cvil War in 1865. It has emerged, collapsed and remerged. KKK is a racist movement, that opposed the supermacy of the blacks over whites. From 1865 to 2016, KKK is responsible for mass murdering and killings in the United States of America.
Naxalites in India are another example. Naxalide areas are claimed as its state. Naxalites collect taxes from the private businesses in naxalide areas (which is extortion in a sense). Every year heavy casualties multiply in Naxalide areas (exccept last year 2015).
Aum Shrinkriyo is a japanese doomsday cult who is accused for the Tokyo Subway Sarin attack in 1995 and another smaller attack last year. The attacks resulted in injured person’s disability, blindness, post-traumatic disorder and killings of many at the spot.
The LTTE (Liberation Tiger of Tamil Eelam – in Sri Lanka) was a secessionist terrorist organization that aimed at creation of a homeland for Tamils at north and east of Sri lanka. The LTTE handled a well-developed military wings ( Tigers (infantry), Sea Tigers (sea wing) and Air Tigers (Air Wing) carried out many high-profile attacks, including the attacks on several high-ranking Sri Lankan and Indian politicians. The LTTE has been the only militant group to assassinate two world leaders: former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in 1991 and Sri Lankan President Ranasinghe Premadasa in 1993. This group introduced women usage in attacks and warfare, and innovated suicide belts, use of light aircraft in some of its attacks.
Following is a chart that depicts the death tolls caused by terrorism:
There has also been gravest violent acts in the history which were not carried out by Muslims. They include World War 1 atrocities, world war II destruction, holocaust, Falun Gong and its followers mass murdering, Khmer Rouge destruction etcetra. The dominant Non Muslim history’s mass murderers names, who have been responsible of mass murdering, are A- Mao Stu Sting (People’s repulic of China – 1940-60), B- Joseph Stalin (1940-30 Sovient Union), C-Pol Pot (Khmer Rouge Cambodia – 1970-80), D- Genghis Khan (He was not a Muslim but a Mongol – 13th century),E- Adolf Eichmen (Right-hand man of Hitler, responsible for Jewish holocaust), F- Adolf Hitler (Gernman national socialism – 1931-45).
In Europe, there have been over one thousand terrorist attacks in Europe in the past five years. Muslim share to this one thousand is only 2%. A study carried out by the University of North Carolina showed that less than 0.0002% of Americans killed since 9/11 were killed by Muslims. Based on these numbers, and those of the statistics by FBI, Americans are more likely to suffer death by Non-Muslims.
Summing up, we can conclude that terrorism is neither predominantly anti western nor Muslim. Terrorism do not belong the religion of Islam. Muslims are not perpetrators of the mass murdering of people around the globe rather they are themselves victims of the terrorism with highest numbers of causalities and death numbers, daily suicide bombings, bomb blasting, target killings, terrorized and threatened surroundings etc. Terrorism is not new phenomenon and it has existed with different names pari passu human history. Terrorism is, by no means, Muslim.